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Joe Morrissey 1 October 1963 - 6 April 2010 Our colleague, Joseph James Morrissey, was killed by an intruder to his home in the early hours of April 6, 2010. An active member of our Society, Joe was a versatile and prolific researcher, a loyal friend, and a tireless volunteer. Joe’s extensive knowledge and willingness to help anyone who asked led him to become a good friend and valued colleague to his peers around the world and to his co-workers at Motorola and Nova Southeastern University (NSU). Joe earned his bachelors (1985) and masters degree (1987) from the University of South Florida. His masters dissertation research dealt with cloning and characterization of the gene for the detoxifying protein glutathione S-transferase in Drosophila melanogaster. He conducted research and attended Harvard Medical School before earning his Ph.D. degree from Stanford University Medical School (1993) in molecular biology, studying molecular and biochemical characterization of the oncogene fel implicated in childhood leukemia. For two years as a Post Doctoral Fellow at the University of Miami, he researched the role of protein kinase C phosphorylation in the regulation of the Androgen Receptor (AR) mRNA levels in androgen dependent and AR transfected androgen independent prostate tumor cell lines. Before joining Motorola in 1997, Joe spent two years at the Goodwin Institute in Plantation, Florida researching stress response gene expression in mice exposed to RF. At Motorola, his initial responsibility was to assist in managing the external biological research programs. His intellect, creativity, and work ethic allowed him to apply his talents to new areas of interest. Joe became an expert in electromagnetic interference and compatibility with emphasis on interactions between mobile phones and medical devices, aircraft navigation/communication systems, and hearing aid compatibility issues. Joe was the initiator of the dosiphone for RF exposure assessment in epidemiology studies. He was very active in numerous Standards Committees dealing with RF safety and electromagnetic compatibility, including the IEEE, Consumer Electronics Association (CEA); American National Standards Institute (ANSI), International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and RTCA, a group that develops consensus-based recommendations regarding aviation system issues. Joe served as co-chair of RTCA SC202 Working Group (WG) 6 on guidance for allowing transmitting portable electronic devices (PEDs) on aircraft; and served as chair of the following committees: CEA R7 WG 11 on recommendations for control of PEDs; ANSI ASC C63 Subcommittee 8 on standards for medical and non-medical devices; ISO TC215 WG7 on recommendations for PED compatibility in hospitals; IEEE 11073 WG 3 on health informatics and guidance for RF Wireless technology; and IEEE ICES TC95, where Joe, was instrumental in assuring that the research database was kept up-to-date for standard setting. This effort kept him well informed of the literature, which contributed to his expertise performing critical reviews of published and presented work and writing reviews of the literature. Following the closure of the major portion of Motorola’s RF health effects related program in 2009, Joe joined the faculty of NSU as an assistant professor of pharmaceutical sciences. In addition to his teaching duties he conducted research on cancer drugs and on the thermal sensitivity of cells in culture and whether the sensitivity can explain some of the observed in vitro RF effects. In January, Joe organized and conducted a highly successful workshop that featured world-class experts on thermal sensitivity of tissues. Joe was a kind and loving person devoted to his family, often adjusting work hours to meet family obligations. He was particularly devoted to his two sons, Nicolas, age 17, by his first marriage and his five year old son, Patrick. He is also survived by his wife Kay, mother Rosalie, and brother John. We are truly saddened by the death of Joe at the young and productive age of 46. His can-do attitude not only led to a productive life but made working with him a pleasure. His keen scientific insights will be sorely missed by the Bioelectromagnetics community. Contributed by Mays Swicord and C-K. Chou (Supervisors of Joe Morrissey during his 12 years at Motorola) Editor's note: Online news sources report that a father and son were recently arrested in connection with the events that lead to Dr. Morrissey's death.

We are very sorry to learn of the sudden death of Brian Maddock - from a heart attack while on holiday in the Seychelles on October 11, 1997. Brian had 33 years of service with the industry and had retired in 1993.

He joined the Central Electricity Generating board (CEGB) in 1960 as a research physicist at the Central Electricity Research Laboratories at Leatherhead, where he led the team which, in 1967, developed Britain’s first large-bore composite- superconductor magnet -- a forerunner of those now used routinely by hospitals in magnetic-resonance imagers.

In 1970, Brian became head of the Solid State Physics Section and later headed the Superconductivity and Physics Applications Sections at Central Electricity Research Laboratories (CERL). After a brief spell as University Liaison Coordinator for the Technology Planning and Research Division in 1981/82, he went on to lead the Electrical Plant and Systems Section and, in 1988, the Electrical Power Section in the Research Division based at Leatherhead. From 1984 onwards, Brian led the industry’s research effort on the possible health effects of power-frequency electric and magnetic fields, becoming National Grid Co’s (NGC) Project Manager for this work following privatization in 1990. After his retirement, he acted as Administrator for the EMF Biological Research Trust, funded by NGC to commission research into electromagnetic fields and health.

Brian was a Chartered Engineer, a Fellow of the Institution of Electrical Engineers and of the Institute of Physics. He was a leading contributor on many national and international committees, including those of Conference Internationale des Grands Reseaox Electriques a Haute Tension (CIGRE) and Comite European de Normalisation Electrotechnique (CENELEC). As sub-committee chairman, he was influential in the formulation of CENELEC’s provisional standards for environmental low-frequency electric and magnetic field strengths.

Brian was always a popular and respected figure -- courteous, knowledgeable and ready with a thoughtful and pertinent comment on all matters scientific or technical. He will be greatly missed by his many friends and colleagues. He leaves a widow, Janet, and two daughters, Karen and Frances.

Stefan Machlup 01 July 1927 - 16 August 2008 Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, OH “He was just so generous with ideas. His conversation was always full of original thoughts, and ‘ownership’ never came up. Of course, many of those thoughts I was not ready to absorb, to understand. I think he liked it that I didn’t pretend to.” Stephan Machlup, “Lars Onsager was my Thesis Director” Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 78, Nos. ½, 1995, p. 589. These words about Onsager could as well describe a conversation with their author, Stefan Machlup, a friend and colleague to many BEMS members, who passed away on August 16 at the age of 81. Machlup is well known as co-author of a pair of the most influential papers in the thermodynamics of dissipative non-equilibrium systems. Machlup was born in Vienna, Austria in 1927. He immigrated with his parents to the United States in the 1930s. He earned his BS at Swarthmore, PhD at Yale, and enjoyed a string of post-doctoral appointments, including positions at Cambridge, Bell Labs, the University of Illinois, Urbana, and the University of Amsterdam. For most of his career, he taught physics at what is now Case Western Reserve University from 1956 until retiring in 2000. His dissertation, “Fluctuations and Irreversible Behavior in Thermodynamic Systems,” led to two publications with his research director, Lars Onsager, the physical chemist who would subsequently win the 1968 Nobel Prize in chemistry. This work developed the Onsager-Machlup-Laplace approximation (Phys. Rev. 91 1505 and 1512 [1952]) that was an elaboration of a theory of irreversible processes developed two decades earlier by Onsager. Their theory applies to a very wide variety of systems: nuclei with spins aligned by magnetic fields, excited atoms in a laser, molecules undergoing chemical reactions, vortices in a liquid, and ions transported through biological membranes. Machlup explored the applicability of some of these ideas to biology1: "Biological clocks share with excitable membrane (nerve, muscle) the requirement that the chemical systems that underlie them have unstable steady states and hence are capable of limit-cycle oscillations…. The oscillators responsible for biological clocks are surely not mechanical mass-and-spring systems, nor are they electrical inductance-capacitance combinations. They are chemical oscillators.” In a 1975 paper2, Machlup described the common features of systems characterized by negative temperatures and negative dissipation: "If we think of absolute temperature as a measure of kinetic energy per (classical) degree of freedom, then a negative absolute temperature seems absurd. If, however, we use the (quantum-mechanical) idea of the population of energy levels and measure this population with a Boltzmann factor , then a negative T makes sense: It means higher energy levels are more populated than lower ones." The paper concludes: "This article has attempted to make more intuitive the connection between negative temperature and negative resistance, and to suggest that a large class of nonlinear systems involves negative-temperature subsystems." One such system, he suggests, might be current vortices in type II superconductors. Making physics more intuitive was a lifelong passion for Machlup. Based on many years of class-room experience, he published an introductory text for pre-med physics students, “Physics” (Wiley, 1988), that emphasized biological examples of special interest to health science students. He enjoyed working with high school physics teachers and helped to develop new teaching materials. Longtime colleague and close friend B.S. Chandrasekhar who first knew Machlup while post doctoral fellows at the University of Illinois, Urbana gives a few memories of Machlup the person: “He was a source of good humor and cheerfulness who enlivened with his comments and contributions the often dull aftermath of a colloquium or seminar. He never walked from here to there on campus, but covered the distance with a hop, step, and jump. To some physicists physics is a job; to Stefan it was a joy. He worked hard to convey this feeling to students and colleagues. He would perform a Bach cello sonata with the same profound understanding and wonder that he would explain a concept in statistical mechanics”. BEMS board member and former student of Machlup, Indira Chatterjee, noted that “Stefan Machlup was a passionate teacher inspiring many graduate students who helped him teach laboratory classes to non-physics majors to aspire to be great teachers like him. He thoroughly enjoyed working in the laboratory teaching his graduate assistants how to perform the experiments in the right manner before they went out in front of their class. His constant exuberance and cheerful enthusiasm never ceased to amaze me. He was a mentor and a friend and I will never forget him as one of the great teachers that inspired me to go into academics.” In the 1980s, Machlup joined colleague T. Hoshiko of the CWRU School of Medicine’s Department of Physiology and Biophysics in a research collaboration that applied statistical mechanics to the analysis of biological phenomena such as ionic transport in frog skin cells3. Later in life, Machlup developed an interest in the biological effects of magnetic fields. He published his most recent paper on this topic in 2007, noting that the “impossible” effects observed in cell cultures as a result of exposure to magnetic fields tuned for ion parametric resonances (IPR) could be “resolved by taking account of the coherent absorption of the ELF energy and showing how the energy of several trillion ELF photons can free a single ion from its trap on the surface of a cell of the culture.” 4 Remembering his interactions with Dr. Machlup, BEMS board member Carl Blackman noted, “Stefan started with his own premises regarding the mechanisms behind our experimental results and participated in many poster sessions, at the Biophysics Society, Bologna BEMS/EBEA meeting, several DOE Contractor Reviews, and the BEMS Hawaii meeting. He greatly enjoyed interacting with scientists, sharing concepts and sharpening his thoughts. He always enjoyed seeing and talking Charles Polk when they met because of their early acquaintance in Vienna. Stefan and I would steal away to someplace where we could be alone to talk about his latest concepts and our latest data. I remember the most recent time was at the 2004 BEMS meeting in Washington, DC. We spent a grand time talking science for most of an afternoon. Stefan was always upbeat, curious and energized about his interests in EMF biological effects. Certainly, he is a role model for many scientists.” Colleague Asher Sheppard added: “Stefan Machlup was a bundle of enthusiasm and joy, whether beaming his engaging broad smile to lure me to a poster which he saw raised an exciting or problematic idea, or to engage in conversation on one of the topics of interest to his encyclopedic mind. Although I never saw him in a classroom, it was instantly recognizable at our first meeting that this was a man who loved ideas and loved to teach. While his scientific accomplishments in thermodynamics and biophysics are the stuff of more formal remembrances, I, and no doubt others in The Bioelectromagnetics Society know our good fortune to have shared the wonder and happiness that he radiated. I fondly recall the times when his first class mind held an intellectual specimen in the beam at just the right angle so that his excitement for ideas completely overtook the moment. A moment later, with twinkling eyes he would ask a question to turn the conversation back to me. It was as if Socrates stood there.” Stefan Machlup was also fluent in five modern languages and an accomplished cellist, participating in Cleveland-area string quartets for five decades. He is survived by his wife, Marilyn, and sons Peter and Eric, as well as the greater Bioelectromagnetics community. He was a full member of BEMS from 1997 through his retirement to an Emeritus member in 2001. 1) Oscillatory Chemical Reactions: the Tomita-Kitahara Model" BioSystems 8 241 1977. 2) Amer. J. Phys. 43 991 1975. 3) Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 942 186 [1988]. 4) Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, 26 (3) 251 [2007].

Longtime BEMS member Dr. Shin-Tsu Lu (June 13, 1943 - September 18, 2009) devoted his career to radiation biology and made numerous contributions to the understanding of microwave bioefffects. He is survived by his loving wife Shwu-Jen Lu, sister Pai-Ho Lu, brother Ming-Fu Lu, sister Hing-Hong, son John Lu, son Robert Lu and his wife Irene Tham, and granddaughters Alexis Lu and Samantha Lu. He was born in Taipei, Taiwan. He graduated from Taiwan University with a BVM and the University of Rochester with a PhD in radiation biology. He worked 14 years in at the Department of Biophysics, School of Medicine and Dentistry at the University of Rochester where he developed a research program in endocrinological and immunological effects of micro¬wave radiation and ELF and Cancer. Over the years Dr. Lu’s work examined biological effects of microwave and radio frequency radiation; biological effects of extremely low frequency electric and magnetic fields; endocrinolo¬gy; thermal regulation; cardiovascular physiolo¬gy, experimental surgery; radiation biology, histology, statistics, laboratory animal medicine, reviewing scientific findings, grants, and contract applications, experimental design and interpretation; and many computer skills. In 1990 Dr. Lu joined the McKesson BioServices Co. in Rockville, MD as a Research Physiologist and conducted microwave bioeffects research at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR), Forest Glenn, MD. In 1994, he continued this research at Brooks Air Force Base, Texas where McKesson BioServices operated the Microwave Bioeffects Branch of the US Army Medical Research Detachment of the WRAIR. While there, Dr. Lu studied biological effects of high peak power microwaves and published original research papers on microwave induced eye injuries and several review papers. From 2001 through 2004, Dr. Lu was the Project Manager of a group developing and standardizing microwave dosimetric procedures such as calorimet¬ric and thermometric procedures for in vivo and in vitro radiofrequency radiation dosimetry. In May of 2005 Dr. Lu joined the Naval Health Research Center, also at Brooks AFB, TX, where he continued his research on the biological effects of nonionizing radiation and electrical stimulation on organ systems of the body. Dr. Lu applied this knowledge to the development of safety standards. He worked on the IEEE Standards Coordinating Committee 28 SCC-28, Subcommittee IV in vivo Review Working Group on biological effects of radiofrequency radiation from 1997 until his death. He was a member of the Bioelectromagnetics Society and the IEEE Engineers in Medicine and Biology Society. He was an invited speaker at many national and international symposia most notably as an Invited speaker at the Third International Conference on Electromagnetic Fields and Human Health, Fundamental and Applied Research, Moscow-Saint Petersburg, Russia, September 2002. He authored more than 70 scientific publications and 61 scientific presentations.

James "Tad" Lott, PhD, described by colleagues as a pillar of the University of North Texas (UNT) biology department in Denton for more than 40 years, died unexpectedly on February 17 at the age of 76. Also lauded as a dedicated and inspiring teacher, Lott had been a member of the Bioelectromagnetics Society since 1989.

A native of Houston, Lott attended the University of Houston until December 8, 1941, when he enlisted in the Navy and served as a pharmacist's mate. Lott married Opal E. Sowell in 1945 and the couple moved to Austin, where he earned a doctorate from the University of Texas in 1956. Lott taught at Emory University Medical School in Atlanta before joining the UNT faculty in 1957. Over a long career, Lott served as a senior investigator for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission researching the effects of ionizing radiation on humans. In his 43 years at UNT, Lott received a number of awards from the National Science Foundation and participated in countless international symposia in bioelectromagnetics, according to the university.

He was a leader in the study of telemetry and made important contributions to the study of microwave effects on the nervous system. The professor enjoyed officiating at high school and community college football and basketball games in Denton, and was a member of St. Davis's Episcopal Church.

He is survived by his wife of 57 years, Opal, four children, seven grandchildren and five great-grandchildren.

James L. (Jim) Lords, University of Utah professor emeritus of biology and founding member of the Bioelectromagnetics Society, died October 3, 2008. He was 80 years old. Lords served as a member of the board and a loyal contributor to the society throughout his professional career. In the early 1970s he joined Curtis Johnson, Carl Durney, and Om Gandhi as they began the bioelectromagnetics research in the Bioengineering Department and the Electrical Engineering Department at the University of Utah. BEMS member Carl Durney noted that “without his expertness in biology and his unusual ability to collaborate in interdisciplinary research, the strong program in bioelectromagnetics research that was created at the University of Utah could not have developed as it did. As a biologist, he had keen insight into the engineering aspects of the research and was always patient in helping his engineering colleagues gain insight into the biological aspects of the work.” His colleagues note that Jim was a key member of every research team that he developed. Some of his early work included collaborating in the development of a liquid-crystal nonmetallic temperature probe for measuring temperatures of biological elements during electromagnetic (EM) exposure. He also worked to determine the effects of microwave radiation first on isolated turtle hearts, and then isolated mammalian hearts. He then turned his attention to behavioral effects of EM radiation. He also contributed material on thermal response to the second edition of the Radio Frequency Radiation Dosimetry Handbook, 3 kHz to 300 GHz (1991). Colleague and BEMS member John D’Andrea recalled that “Jim was a great mentor to his students, and I particularly benefited from his expert guidance and scientific insight. His insights were extremely useful to the early versions of the C95.1 IEEE Standard for Safety Levels with Respect to Human Exposure to Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields.” As well as being an accomplished researcher and teacher, Carl Durney further remembered that “[Jim] was an admired colleague who was always the perfect gentleman. In addition to enjoying close collaboration with him in research, I had the pleasure of playing handball and racquetball with him for many years until Jim’s knees gave out on him and his doctor ordered him to cease playing racquetball. He was a good athlete and the perfect example of sportsmanship on the court, and a cherished friend both on and off the court.” Lords was born in Salt Lake City on April 5, 1928, to Lafayette (Lou) Lords and Rose Lenore Coppin Lords. He graduated in the Class of 1946 from West High School in Salt Lake City, where he was a football player and a member of the ROTC. After receiving his undergraduate and master's degrees, he married Katherine (Kaye) Reeves on June 4, 1955, in Salt Lake City. Upon receipt of his doctorate from the University of Utah, he was awarded a post-doctorate at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. With a passion for teaching, he returned to the University of Utah for a 38-year teaching career in the Department of Biology. "Ol' Doc" retired in 1997. In addition to the Bioelectromagnetics Society, Lords was a member of Phi Kappa Phi, Sigma Xi, Honorary Colonels, and the Ambassador Duck Club. An avid Utah athletics ticketholder, supporting football and basketball for the past 50 years, he served as faculty advisor for both the Athletics Department and pre-medical students. He was also a 50-year member of the Mount Moriah #3 Masonic Lodge. Jim Lords is survived by his wife, Kaye, and their two sons and four grandchildren.

Theodore A. Litovitz, 82, a Catholic University physics professor and prolific inventor who discovered a way to store nuclear waste more safely, created an electronic chip to shield cellphone users from harmful electromagnetic radiation and developed some of the early fiber optics now used for telecommunications, died of complications of kidney cancer May 1 at Anne Arundel Medical Center in Annapolis.

Dr. Litovitz held 25 patents, and from those inventions several businesses were born. He co-founded Catholic University's Vitreous State Laboratory, where hundreds of students learned the basics of working with materials in a glasslike, amorphous solid state.

He was known among his colleagues as "a force of nature" for his relentless but engaging interest in people and ideas. A lover of coffee breaks, he used the time to talk about the potential applications of basic research to problems that popped up in the media.

"He was one of those people who always wanted to learn," said his daughter, Toby Litovitz of Potomac. "He was on a cruise in Alaska, and for something to read, picked up a high school biology book. He came back with an idea that turned out to be seminal in the field, how electromagnetics worked in a cell."

His most recent work centered on the effects of electromagnetic radiation on organisms. The field had been characterized by controversy and inconclusive findings when Dr. Litovitz noticed a Swedish researcher's tantalizing report of increased incidences of brain cancer in people who used cellphones for more than 2,000 hours. The cancer also seemed to occur on the side of the face where the phone was held.

Dr. Litovitz began experimenting with eggs, said Macedo, who is director of the Catholic University lab. He discovered that the type of electromagnetic radiation emitted from cellphones or power lines can cause biological changes at the cellular level. That radiation, he found, could be masked by superimposing electrical white noise. So he developed and patented an electronic chip that could be attached to cellphones and override the radiation.

The New York native moved to Washington at the age of 2 and grew up in an apartment above his parents' grocery store at Third and O streets NW. He graduated from the old Central High School and attended George Washington University until his studies were interrupted by World War II.

After returning from the South Pacific, he graduated from Catholic University, where in 1950 he also received a doctoral degree in physics. He immediately began working at the university and soon co-wrote a standard reference book, "Absorption and Dispersion of Ultrasonic Waves" (1959), with his mentor, physicist Karl Herzfeld.

Under contract to the government during the Vietnam War, Dr. Litovitz and Macedo built an infrared transmitting window used in a U-2 spy plane. In the 1970s, in competition with giant Corning Glass Co., the pair developed a cheap glass fiber intended to replace copper wire, a giant leap to the fiber optics revolution.

Dr. Litovitz published more than 130 scientific research papers, and after 48 years, when he retired from teaching in 1998, he said, "I hope no one will think I can't stick to a job." He continued to work as a researcher until his death. He also was helping to found another biotechnology company.

In addition to his daughter, survivors include his wife of 59 years, Charlotte Litovitz of Annapolis; a son, Gary Litovitz of McLean; and four grandchildren.



Excerpt of an article by Patricia Sullivan

Washington Post Staff Writer

Saturday, May 6, 2006; B06

The Washington Post Company

Dr. John A. Leonowich, 54, who was known to many in the health physics community as an experienced scientist and educator, died on May 21, 2007 in Las Vegas, Nevada. John was born in New York City on July 16, 1953. He moved to Richland, Washington in 1987 and lived there until 2006 after which he changed jobs and moved to Nevada to be the Radiation Safety Officer at UNLV. John prepared for his long and successful career in health physics at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York, receiving a B.S. in Physics in 1974, an M.S. in Nuclear Engineering in 1976 and a Ph.D. in Radiological Engineering in 1985. He also studied for a Master of Public Health at the Harvard School of Public Health from 1978 to 1980 as USAF-sponsored student. John was a commissioned officer in the Biomedical Science Corps of the United States Air Force from 1976 to 1986, and was both a health physicist and industrial hygienist on active duty. During this period of time he was stationed both at Brooks AFB, Texas, and Patrick AFB, Florida. John was responsible for the radiation safety program at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida. He was the attending health physicist for Headquarters, Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFTAC) and its classified missions in arms control. After leaving the Air Force, John served as a radiological engineer with Public Service Electric and Gas (PSEG) in Salem, New Jersey. He was the principal ALARA engineer for the Hope Creek Generating Station while at PSEG. During this period he also had management responsibility for the in-plant General Atomics radiation monitoring system. John worked at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) from 1987 to 2006, managing health physics programs for Department of Energy Headquarters. He was always willing to help in matters of dosimetry and health physics issues during the many years of Battelle’s programs on health issues and dosimetry of electric and magnetic fields. He served as a senior consultant in health physics / industrial hygiene to the Institute for Environmental, Safety and Occupational Health Risk Analysis (IERA), Brooks Air Force Base, Texas. For two years from 1996 through 1998, he was on-site at Brooks AFB as an Intergovernmental Personnel Assignee to the USAF. During this period of time he was the senior radiation consultant for the health physics consulting group and member of the Air Force Radiological Assistance Team (AFRAT). He also ran the USAF non-ionizing radiation program focusing on radio frequency energy hazards. John worked on Homeland Security related projects at PNNL that included training at the HAMMER facility in the use of radiation detection instrumentation for customs officers from the US and Eastern European countries. He provided training for this program in South Africa, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Greece, Morocco and Columbia. He was also highly regarded as an instructor for the Health Physics Society summer school. John also served as attending health physicist during a monitoring trip to Siberia, Russia since he was fluent in the Russian language. He also worked on the evaluation of hand held personnel radiation detectors, and provided support to the security work at the 2004 Republican National Convention in New York City. John’s resume contains a considerable number of scientific and technical achievements and many contributions to the Health Physics Society, including his presentations of numerous professional enrichment and continuing education classes at annual meetings. John was a unique individual with a personality that encouraged friendship and fun. He was an avid collector. These collections included stamps, guns, and airplane/ship models. He had a particular affinity towards Godzilla, collecting all sets of memorabilia and even flew to Tokyo, Japan for the premier of the new Godzilla movie. John’s contributions to the field of radiation health physics are significant but he will be mostly remembered at PNNL for his engaging personality, wit and big heart. John had recently started work at the University of Nevada Las Vegas and was happy with the prospects of continuing his work at this new location. During his short time there, he quickly became a well-liked and well-respected member of the staff. He showed kindness and generosity to others on numerous occasions. His good humor and camaraderie will be greatly missed. John is survived by his aunt Tina Leonowich-Perry and his cousin Paul Leonowich. He was buried in Mount Olivet Cemetery, Maspeth, New York on May 30, 2007. Any gifts in memorial for John can be sent to Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York. Express your thoughts and memories in the online guest book at

To the memory of Valery Vasilyevich Lednev Valery Vasilyevich Lednev, outstanding scientist–biophysicist, professor, Dr. Sc. Biol. passed away February 27, 2009. V.V. Lednev was born on December 30, 1939 in Bakharden, Turkmen Republic of the former USSR, in the family of a military man. Having graduated from secondary school in 1957 in Moscow, V.V. Lednev entered the physical faculty of Moscow State University, from which he graduated in 1963 at the Department of Biophysics with the specialty of "physicist-experimentalist". The field of his scientific interests developed during his study at the Moscow State University and biophysics became a dominant direction. Since 1968 V.V. Lednev was an employee of the Institute of Biological Physics, Academy of Science of USSR. His previous research was at the Institute of Crystallography, coupled with three years of training in the Royal College of the London University in the laboratory of professor J. Hanson where he learned X-ray scattering techniques, defined a direction of scientific activity for V.V. Lednev that led to studies on the contraction of muscles. His studies on actin chains performed in England provided a basis for him to develop a mechanism for muscle contraction. V.V. Lednev defended this mechanism in his PhD thesis. The following studies of Dr. Lednev on myosin chains are known worldwide. As the head of the laboratory of Biophysics of Muscular Contraction, Dr. Lednev has involved in his study a galaxy of young employees owning various modern biophysical, biochemical, and physiological methods. The most significant result of his studies was finding of two structural states of the actomyosin complexes and of the existence of myosin head conformers. These studies have received wide international response and became a subject of a series of the PhD theses supervised by V.V. Lednev. Since 1988, a new subject of scientific interest of V.V. Lednev was the biological effects of weak magnetic fields. This problem is especially important in connection with technological progress and possible health risks imposed by anthropogenic electromagnetic fields. Effects of magnetic fields with different physical characteristics on biosystems have been studied in many laboratories over the world. However, exact mechanisms of these effects are unknown. V.V. Lednev formulated an original theory of parametric magnetic resonance in biological systems. This theory describes effects of the combined magnetic fields on the velocity of some calcium-dependent biochemical reactions. The theory of magnetic parametric resonance developed by V.V. Lednev is of great theoretical and practical significance. This theory has been proved during subsequent experimental studies with the test-systems of various levels of biological organization, from a molecular one to the level of whole organisms. Among them are the rates of ferment reactions in solutions, the rate of regeneration of planaria, development of the gravitropic reactions in stalks of plants, the rate of generation of active oxygen species in neutrophils. For the latest several years, the scientific interests of V.V. Lednev focused on the solution of the problem of the effects of extremely-weak magnetic fields on biosystems. He proposed a model for such effects that has allowed the identification of primary targets: magnetic moments of hydrogen nuclear spins and diamagnetic electron currents in molecules. The predicted responses were then proven experimentally with various test-systems. One of the brightest examples of the embodiment of V.V. Lednev ideas has become a study of extremely-weak magnetic field effects on physiological functions of the human organism. The study performed in collaboration with the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Physical Training in the chamber specially designed by V.V. Lednev revealed effects of extremely-weak magnetic fields on variability of the heart rhythm. The interest of the medical biophysics community in his findings is exemplified by his cooperative works with the Regenerative Center of Childhood Orthopedics and Traumatology, St.-Petersburg, Russia, and the Scientific Research Institute of Pediatrics. In these studies V.V. Lednev developed new methods for medical treatment by means of weak magnetic fields. V.V. Lednev participated actively in a pedagogical, scientific, and public life. He was a member of Academic Councils of the several scientific organizations. He took part in numerous scientific congresses and conferences of different levels. He is an author of more than 100 publications and has supervised more than 10 dissertations. Valery Vasilyevich Lednev belonged to that galaxy of scientists whose bright talent and selfless passion for the science attracted to him many colleagues and pupils. He possessed enormous inquisitiveness, improbable persistence on searches of necessary materials, methods and solutions for experimental problems. The surprising skills to communicate allowed him to find collaborators and colleagues in the various interdisciplinary fields of research. V.V. Lednev was able to resolve the complicated issues in the simplest way and to extract everything new, most important and interesting from seminars and conferences. Enormous working capacity and surprisingly bright imagination supported by his significant scientific knowledge in the area of fundamental and applied biophysics allowed him to find precisely and easily the most interesting problems, to evaluate them and to suggest uncommon solutions during creative discussions with colleagues. He was a passionate person and all of us who got a chance to communicate with him and enjoined his friendship, will miss him. The bright memory of him will be always with us. We believe that the scientific world will for long time turn to his scientific heritage, develop creative ideas of V.V. Lednev, analyze results of his studies and think about his theoretical hypotheses. Prof. Ivanitsky G.R., Prof. Maevsky E.I., Dr. Belova N.A., Dr. Srebnitskaya L.K., Dr. Rojdestvenskaya Z.Ye., Prof. Chemeris N.K., Prof. Gapeyev A.B., Prof. Breus T.K., Prof. Gurfinkel Yu.I., Prof. Binhi V.N., Prof. Belyaev I.Ya., Beylina S.I., Teplov V.A., Ermakov A.M., Dr. Matveeva N.B., Znobishcheba A.V., Dr. Karnauhov V.N., Dr. Karnauhov A.V., Karnauhova N.A., Prof. Dudin M.G., Dr. Arsen’ev A.V., Dr. Ivanov A.V., Dr. Drozdov A.V.

Dr. Jerome H. Krupp died in December 2004. Dr. Krupp retired from the Radiation Sciences Division, USAF School of Aerospace Medicine, Brooks City Base, Texas. He was the author or co-author of 21 papers, including “In vivo temperature measurements during whole-body exposure of Macaca mulatta to resonant and nonresonant frequencies,” in Microwaves and Thermoregulation, edited by Eleanor R. Adair, published by Academic Press, 1983.

Jerome Krupp earned a BS in Naval Science from the University of Illinois in 1947. He received his doctorate in Veterinary Medicine in 1958 from the University of California at Davis, and later an MS in Radiology from the University of Arkansas Medical Center in 1972. Dr. Krupp was also a graduate of the Air Command and Staff School.

He was in private veterinary practice until accepting a position at the University of Colorado Medical School as Assistant Professor of Surgery in 1960. He then moved on to the University of Louisville School of Medicine where he was director of animal care. In 1968, Dr. Krupp’s National Guard unit was called to active service, after which he stayed on active duty until retiring in 1975 as a Lt. Col in the USAF. During his Air Force career, he served as a research veterinarian in the Aerobiology Division at Ft. Detrick, Maryland, and as Chief of the Radiation Biology Branch of the Radiation Sciences Division at the USAF School of Aerospace Medicine at Brooks AFB. After retirement, Dr. Krupp was Chief of the Bioeffects Function of the Radiation Sciences Division at Brooks AFB from 1976 to 1986.

From 1986 to 1987 he was Chief of the Radiation Physics Branch at Brooks AFB. In addition to the Bioelectromagnetics Society, Dr. Krupp was a member of the Radiation Research Society and was active in the Shriner organization. His wife, Mary, preceded him in death. He is survived by two children, five grandchildren and three great grandchildren.

Janet Lathrop, with Terry & Janis Krupp and Kenneth Foster