Kjell Hansson Mild
Umeå University, Dept of Radiation Physics
Member of the Danish program Committee for
For the last four years the Danish government sponsored a 4 Million Euro research program devoted to mobile telephony and its possible health risk. The program was run through the Strategic Research Council of Denmark, and the program committee consisted of Professor Philippe Grandjean of Odense University, chairman; Professor Jörn Olsen of UCLA (Californai, USA), Professor Olof Breinberg of Copenhagen, and Kjell Hansson Mild of Umeå University (Sweden). On May 27, 2008, an international workshop held in Copenhagen showcased the results of the research.
Before the individual project reports, four invited speakers gave an international perspective on the state-of-the-art of mobile phone research.
Professor Mats-Olof Mattson of Örebro Univeristy discussed biological effects in experimental systems, Assistant Professor Monica Sandström reviewed the evidence from controlled exposures of human volunteers, and Professor Elisabeth Cardis reviewed the ongoing epidemiological studies on mobile phone use and risk for brain tumours, with special emphasis on the Interphone study results so far. Professor Niels Kuester, IT IS, Zurich, gave an overview of the latest in dosimetry. Following this, Professor Emilie van Deventer talked about radio frequency research priorities from the World Health Organization perspective.
Reports were then given from each of the seven sponsored research areas, including such diverse areas as studies of free radical formation, other molecular level events, risk perception, and epidemiology:
PET study of cerebro-metabolic effects of non-ionizing radiation from mobile phones.
Albert Gjedde, Århus Universitet.
Fourteen healthy volunteer were examined in a PET scanner before and after exposure to a 900 MHz radiation from a mobile phone with SAR less than 2 W/kg. Measurements of blood flow and oxygen consumption were made, but no changes could be detected.
Experimental study of mobile base station related radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation in healthy adults and adolescents.
Søren K. Kjærgaard, Institut for Folkesundhed, Århus Universitet.
Two groups of volunteers, 15- 16 years of age and 24 – 40 years, respectively, were exposed to UMTS radiation under controlled conditions while researchers measured cognitive functions and symptoms. No effects, except a tendency towards headaches, were reported. A paper from the project has been published:
Riddervold IS, Pedersen GF, Andersen NT, Pedersen AD, Andersen JB, Zachariae R, Mølhave L, Sigsgaard T, Kjaergaard SK. Cognitive function and symptoms in adults and adolescents in relation to rf radiation from UMTS base stations. Bioelectromagnetics 2008 May;29(4):257-67.
- Risk perception and communication.
Ivar Sønbø Kristiansen, Research Unit for General Practice, University of Southern Denmark
Twenty families were interviewed in person and a larger group was interviewed by telephone to assess variations in risk perception. Researchers reported a wide variation in perceived risks, tending towards a larger percieved risk from new technology. By contrast, the risk of talking on a mobile phone while driving is not generally perceived as a serious risk.
A manuscript on this work entitled ”Living with risk in everyday life – a comparative analysis on handling and reflecting risk” has been submitted to Sociology of Illness and Health.
- Examination of the effects of low static magnetic fields and rf-exposure on biochemical reactions by the radical pair mechanism; the only known potentially active mechanism.
Jørgen Boiden Pedersen, Institut for Fysik, Syddansk Universitet
This researcher, in collaboration with a Russian physicist, made theoretical calculations about the possible effects of mobile phone frequency radiation on biochemical reactions, focusing on free radical formation. The calculations showed that there is a possibility of affecting some chemical reactions. However, the researchers did not regard the biological consequences as serious.The results were presented at the 30th annual BEMS meeting in San Diego.
- Epidemiological investigations at the Institute of Cancer Epidemiology.
Jørgen H. Olsen, Joachim Schüz, Christoffer Johansen, Institute of Cancer Epidemiology, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen.
Three epidemiology projects are being conducted, with work continuing past the formal end of the Danish program:
i. Extended Follow-Up of the Danish Cohort of Mobile Phone Subscribers
The paper on the follow up for cancer was published in December 2006 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. A letter to the Journal and the authors’ reply was published in the April 18 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. A methodological investigation of the potential of misclassification has been published in Bioelectromagnetics (2007). The analyses for risk of neurodegenerative disease are completed and a scientific paper has been sent out in March 2008 for language check review before publication.
ii. The Nordic Childhood Brain Tumor Study (now named CEFALO)
The fieldwork for this study began in June 2006 with the sending out of the first invitation letters. The last progress report of the international study team prepared February 1, 2008, indicated a total of 280 eligible cases and 497 eligible controls, of which 203 case families and 351 control families had agreed to participate. Norway started contact procedures only this year. Overall, this project is continuing according to its original plan, and no results are available yet.
iii. WHO International Cohort Study of Mobile Phone Use and Health (now named COSMOS)
This program was launched in week 44 in 2007. Of 100,000 invitees, 21,770 (21.8%) have replied. Of those, 16.768 (16.7%) have filled in the questionnaire and have sent back the signed informed consent form, while 335 subjects refused to participate by so indicating on the consent form. The invitees were drawn from a sample of mobile phone subscribers stratified by gender, age group and amount of use (9 groups), reflecting the market share of the Danish mobile phone operators. The launch of the study created several questions by phone or e-mail (about 1,500 e-mails and 700 phone calls (2.2% of all invited subjects), but unfriendly reactions were rare. The first analysis will be on usage patterns and the relation of use of mobile phones to other wireless devices and new technology.
- Effects of non-ionizing radiation on neural development and mature brain: An experimental study employing human and rodent, organotypic brain slice cultures and neural stem cells.
Jens Zimmer Rasmussen, Anatomy & Neurobiology, Syddansk Universitet, Odense.
Brain slices from newborn rats were exposed to UMTS and GSM 900 MHz radiation. No changes of the function of the nerve cells after radiation were noted compared to control slices. A manuscript is under preparation.
The workshop concluded with a panel discussion that included all projects leaders and the entire program committee.
More information on the programme and the projects can be found on the home page: www.mobil-straaling.dk.
BEST PLATFORM PRESENTATIONS
Herman Schwan Memorial Award for Best Platform
Presentation: David McNamee
Platform 8-8: THE ACUTE EFFECTS OF WHOLE BODY EXPOSURE TO A 1800 MICRO-TESLA , POWER-LINE FREQUENCY MAGNETIC FIELD ON THE HUMAN CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM, David A. McNamee with Alexandre G. Legros, Frank S. Prato, and Alex W. Thomas.
David presented work focused on the effects of power line frequency magnetic fields on the human microcirculatory system and provided a “big picture” perspective of how the human cardiovascular system responds to power line fields in general. The goal of this work is to address previous inconsistencies in the literature through a controlled look at changes in peripheral microcirculation, blood pressure, heart rate, heart rate variability and skin surface temperature during and/or after an acute, 60 Hz MF exposure session at 1800 μT.
Curtis Carl Johnson Memorial Award for Best Platform Presentation:
Platform 8-1 FUNCTIONAL IMAGING OF MAGNETIC FIELD THERAPY, John A. Robertson with Jean Theberge, Julie Weller, Dick Drost, Frank S. Prato, and Alex W. Thomas.
John presented research examining the effects of a specific pulsed magnetic field on pain perception in humans. This specific pulsed magnetic field -- known as the Complex Neuroelectromagnetic Pulse, or CNP -- has a long history of use at the lab at Western Ontario University to affect pain perception in snails, mice, and humans. This pulsed magnetic field therapy is in the process of being evaluated as a treatment for chronic pain in an FDA clinical trial being managed by Fralex Therapeutics (TSE:FXI), a spin-off company founded by John’s supervisors Dr. Frank Prato and Dr. Alex Thomas.
To get a better understanding of how the CNP affects human pain perception, John uses functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to measure the brain activity involved in pain processing. The pain is created acutely with a thermode, and cycles on and off while the MRI acquires data. Then the CNP is applied for 15 minutes, and the fMRI and pain procedure is repeated. Using software tools (e.g., BrainVoyager), John examines how the brain activity processing the heat pain is altered by the magnetic field exposure.
John found significant decreases in activity in brain structures such as the anterior cingulate and insula after CNP exposure as compared to sham exposure. These are brain areas that are responsible for the affective component of pain -- activity here is what makes pain unpleasant. However, there was no significant effect of the CNP on the pain scores reported by the subjects. John reports that this could be because the exposure used here was only 15 minutes, applied just once, whereas subjects in previous studies had been exposed for 40 minutes, and in some studies multiple times per day over the course of a number of days. His next step will be to increase the exposure duration within the MRI to 40 minutes to match up with the exposures previously used.
The fact that significant changes in activity within pain related structures was seen even without a change in the subjective pain scores indicates, according to John, that fMRI might be a more sensitive tool to detect the neuromodulation of the CNP than the subjective pain scores are.
Second Place - Best Platform Presentation:
Platform 7-6 EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF THE SAR INDUCED IN A HEAD PHANTOM OF A THREE YEAR OLD CHILD, Sven Kuehn with Marie-Christine Gosselin, Andreas Christ, Marcel Zefferer, Emilio Cherubini, and Niels Kuster
Sven presented work aimed at resolving the ongoing controversy over whether the current compliance test procedure based on a large adult head (SAM) is also appropriate for children. His studies indicated that using a scaled version of the SAM phantom results in conservative estimates of the peak spatial SAR exposure in the heads of children.
Third Place - Best Platform Presentation:
Platform 4-6 REAL-TIME QUANTIFICATION OF ELECTROPORATIVE UPTAKE KINETICS AND ELECTRIC FIELD HETEROGENEITY EFFECTS IN CELLS, Stephen M. Kennedy with Zhen Ji, Jonathan Hedstrom, John H. Booske, and Susan C. Hagness.
Stephen described work on real-time quantification of electroporative uptake kinetics and electric field heterogeneity effects in cells. With coauthors Z Ji, JC Hedstrom, JH Booske, and SC Hagness, he measured the delivery of a small molecule, propidium iodide (PI), to human leukemia cells over time resulting from exposure to a single 40 microsecond pulsed electric field (PEF). Experimental data revealed PI uptake signatures consistent with temporary field-induced membrane poration using PEF intensities between 1.6 kV/cm and 2.0 kV/cm. This range in electric field intensities resulted in the delivery of approximately 88 million PI molecules per cell over the course of 500 seconds. Using field intensities between 2 and 4 kV/cm, PI uptake signatures were consistent with irrecoverable membrane damage.
In these experiments, it was also shown that electric field non-uniformity could be used to spatially regulate the delivery of molecules to cells. The data obtained from these experiments will be useful determining what field strengths and electrode configurations are appropriate for gene and drug delivery applications versus tissue destruction. Additionally, the data obtained here will be useful in developing and improving membrane electroporation theories and models.
Steve is an NIH Fellow at the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
AWARD WINNING POSTERS
Herman Schwan Memorial Award for Best Poster:
Poster P-77 REAL-TIME MEASUREMENT OF CYTOSOLIC FREE CALCIUM CONCENTRATIONS IN DEM-TREATED HL-60 CELLS DURING STATIC MAGNETIC FIELD EXPOSURE AND ACTIVATION BY ATP, Camilla Rozanski with Michelle Belton, Frank S. Prato, and Jeffrey J. Carson
Camilla examined whether free radicals influence cytosolic free calcium concentrations during static magnetic field exposure. Cytosolic free calcium concentration was monitored using ratiometric fluorescence spectroscopy in HL-60 cells under conditions of reduced endogenous free radical scavengers and 100 mT static magnetic field exposure. While the initial results suggested no effect of a 100 mT static magnetic field on cytosolic free calcium concentration in HL-60 cells, she noted that these results need to be explored further because (1) an effect of SMF might have been present but not measurable with the [Ca2+]c -dependent metrics measured in the study, or (2) potential effects of SMF on HL-60 cells may not be influenced by the presence or absence of diethyl-maleate (DEM) used in the reported work. Additional work proposed by Rozanski included repetitions over a greater range of magnetic field strengths above and below 100 mT and repetition of the experiments at a variety of doses of DEM and with GSH potentiators such as L-NAC and glutathione diesters to allow for a greater range of GSH levels to be tested. This last possibility is driven by the hypothesis that a threshold free radical concentration exists where the action of static magnetic fields becomes apparent.
Curtis Carl Johnson Memorial Award - Best Poster:
Poster P-65 CYTOGENETIC ANALYSIS OF HUMAN LYMPHOCYTES AFTER A 4 HOUR, WHOLE BODY EXPOSURE TO A SINUSOIDAL 200 μT 60 HZ MAGNETIC FIELD, Genevieve C. Albert with James P. McNamee, Frank S. Prato, Vijayalaxmi, and Alex W. Thomas
Genevieve began work on a Master’s degree in Medical Biophysics at the University of Western Ontario under the co-supervision of Drs. Alex Thomas and Frank Prato in September 2006. She was awarded the best student poster at the 29th Annual Bioelectromagnetics Society Meeting in June 2007 in Kanazawa, Japan. She recently completed this work and has begun working on a Master’s degree in Public Health. Her Medical Biophysics thesis research project was titled “Assessment of genetic damage in peripheral blood of human volunteers exposed (whole-body) to a 200 mT, 60 Hz magnetic field” from which this award winning poster was derived.
The aim of this project (performed by Genevieve C. Albert with James P. McNamee, Leonora Marro, Vijayalaxmi, Pascale V. Bellier, Frank S. Prato, and Alex W. Thomas) was to investigate the extent of damage in nucleated cells in peripheral blood of healthy human volunteers exposed to a whole-body 60 Hz, 200 μT magnetic field. In this study, 10 male and 10 female healthy human volunteers received a 4 h whole-body exposure to a 200 μT, 60 Hz magnetic field. In addition, 5 males and 5 females were treated in a similar fashion, but were exposed to sham conditions. For each subject, a blood sample was obtained prior to the exposure period and aliquots were used as negative- (pre-exposure) and positive- (1.5 Gy 60Co y-irradiation) controls. At the end of the 4 h exposure period, a second blood sample was obtained. The extent of DNA damage was assessed in peripheral human blood leukocytes from all samples using the alkaline comet assay. To detect possible clastogenic effects, the incidence of micronuclei was assessed in phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated lymphocytes using the cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay. There was no evidence of either increased DNA damage, as indicated by the alkaline comet assay, or increased incidence of micronuclei (MN) in the magnetic field exposed group. There was no significant difference between pre- and post-exposure samples (p>0.05). Moreover, magnetic field-exposed volunteers were not significantly different from sham-exposed subjects (p>0.05). However, an in vitro exposure of 1.5 Gy y-irradiation caused a significant increase in both DNA damage and MN induction (p<0.001). This study found no evidence that an acute, whole-body exposure to a 200 μT, 60 Hz magnetic field for 4 hours could cause DNA damage in human blood. (Manuscript submitted to the International Journal of Radiation Biology, August 2008)
Second Place - Best Poster:
Poster P-51 DEVELOPMENT AND CHARACTERIZATION OF THE MICROCUVETTE: AN EXPOSURE DEVICE FOR REAL-TIME OBSERVATION OF ELECTROPORATIVE MOLECULAR UPTAKE, Stephen M. Kennedy with Zhen Ji, John H. Booske, and Susan C. Hagness.
Stephen Kennedy was awarded 2nd place in the student poster competition for his presentation of work describing the development of a device designed to allow the simultaneous observation of cells under fluorescence microscopy during electric field exposure (Development and characterization of the microcuvette: an exposure device for real-time observation of electroporative molecular uptake by SM Kennedy, Z Ji, JH Booske, and SC Hagness). The device’s inherent electric field non-uniformity was characterized using finite element electrostatic simulations. It was also demonstrated that the characterization of electric field non-uniformity could be used to predict the response of cells based on their location within the device.
As noted above, Stephen M. Kennedy is an NIH Fellow at the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Third Place - Best Poster (tie):
Julia McKay and Darragh Crotty
Poster P-6 EXTREMELY LOW FREQUENCY MAGNETIC FIELDS: EFFECTS ON BLOOD FLOW AND BLOOD PRESSURE, Julia C. McKay with Karel Tyml, Frank S. Prato, and Alex W. Thomas
Julia McKay’s work examined the effects of CNP, or complex neuroelectromagnetic pulse on blood flow. Previous experiments at Western Ontario University showed that a specific pulsed magnetic field of extremely low frequency (CNP) is effective in providing pain relief in a variety of species. More specifically, previous experiments in Julia McKay’s lab showed that the particular form of CNP can induce pronounced effects on the opioid system, as well as other reports in the literature of magnetic field effects on microcirculation. This lead her to investigate whether the CNP might also induce changes, even if only subtle, in blood flow and/or blood pressure. In the work she reported at the meeting, potential effects of the CNP on blood flow and blood pressure were investigated using laser Doppler flowmetry and arterial insertion of a pressure catheter in a rat model. Several CNP intensities were tested, as was a 60 Hz sinusoidal magnetic field of varying strengths. No main effect of the 200 μT CNP exposure on blood flow was observed and preliminary analysis of blood pressure and other data indicates a similar finding.
Poster P-85 EFFECT OF 50HZ, 2MT AC ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD ON PROLIFERATION, MORPHOLOGY AND CBFA1 PROTEIN EXPRESSION IN PRE-OSTEOBLASTS, Darragh Crotty with Gabriel Martinez, Michael Coey, & Adriele Prina-Mello
Darragh Crotty investigated the effect of an AC EMF on proliferation, morphology and expression of the differentiation marker protein, CBFa1, in mouse pre-osteoblasts. Exposed cells were compared to sham-exposed and control cells. No significant differences (ANOVA-1; significant if p < 0.05) were seen for proliferation, CBFa1 protein expression, cell size, nuclear size and number or length of processes extending from the cells. Although average anti-CBFa1 fluorescence intensity was observed to be greater in exposed and sham cells compared with controls, these increases showed high variability in their measured intensities so they were judged not significant. Also, the increase was approximately equal for sham and exposed indicating that the effect was not due to the magnetic field. His results suggest that 2mT, 50 Hz AC fields do not affect pre-osteoblast proliferation, differentiation or morphology significantly.
BEMS/EBEA 2009 JOINT MEETING WILL BE HELD IN DAVOS, SWITZERLAND
By Sonja Negovetic and Niels Kuster
It seems redundant to introduce Davos, the remote Swiss mountain resort whose name itself has become a synonym of the WEF – the World Economic Forum, where 2500 business elite and global leaders gather together each year to address the challenges of this world. The more literate among us may even associate it with “The Magic Mountain,” Thomas Mann’s world-renowned narrative about a young, tubercular German seeking a cure in the rarefied mountain air high up in the Swiss Alps. Yet general knowledge mostly stops there, and with the BEMS/EBEA joint meeting 2009 traveling to Davos, we want to cast a short, but closer look:
Davos is 5100 feet or 1560 m above sea level and located in the heart of the Alps in an idyllic, alpine valley in the southeastern, German speaking part of Switzerland, the canton of Grisons. Zurich is the closest airport and a 2½ hour train trip away. While being Europe’s highest town, Davos is surrounded by an unspoiled landscape that abounds with natural splendor. With its microclimate and fresh air, it was indeed a popular destination for the rich and ailing lung disease patients, and has since turned into a Mecca for winter sports. Many international championships in speed skating were held in Davos, whose fame peaked as a high-profile ski resort in the 1970s and 1980s. Today, Davos has established itself as a leading tourist resort, a sports center and paradise for skiers and snowboarders, but also as the location of the largest and most modern congress center in the Alps with an infrastructure that covers everything.
The quieter summer months invite its guests to 700 km of slopes for hiking, climbing and mountaineering, to golfing, riding, paragliding and mountain biking, as well as surfing and sailing on Davos lake. Those less inclined to recreational activity will find relaxation in the still pure and fresh air, the breathtaking mountain scenery, a botanic garden, a few museums and galleries, ample shopping opportunities, a wellness spa, and a cinema.
Although Davos has a reputation for being very expensive and exclusive (and it is in winter), that is not the case in summer, so that guests will find a convenient range of good and reasonably priced restaurants and lodging opportunities. To the interested scientist, Davos also harbors some internationally renowned institutions, such as the Swiss Federal Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research or the Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research.
The congress center with its up-to-date infrastructure that was built for the WEF will be available for BEMS/EBEA joint meeting in June 2009, and the hotel rooms that are usually occupied by the Clinton’s, Mandela’s, Stone’s, and Gate’s, etc., will be offered at very favorable prices to our members. The 2009 meeting will follow the tradition of outstanding scientific meetings held at other locations around the world. Local organizers, and BEMS president Niels Kuster, are eager to welcome you to Davos.
At the recent Bioelectromagnetics Society Annual Meeting an observation was made that great emphasis is placed on statistical testing of research results to determine if a measure in an exposed group of subjects is statistically different from the results in a similar control population. The test is usually made to determine whether there are significant differences in the results in the exposed population compared to the results found in the control population, that is, the null hypothesis.
Under the null hypothesis, there is no difference in results between an exposed population compared to a control population. This is considered true until evidence indicates that the null hypothesis is unlikely. The objective then is to establish the possibility that a Type I error occurs, that is, a false positive finding. This is equivalent to saying the false positive rate is equal to the significance level. In simple comparisons, significance levels between 0.01 and 0.05 are established demarcations for statistical significance, that is, the rejection of the null hypothesis when it is true.
There is another aspect of the comparison between exposed and control samples that is often overlooked. This second, complementary aspect of statistical testing is the concern about accepting the null hypothesis when in fact there is a difference between the two groups. This error is called a Type II error. The probability of a Type II error is called beta. The power (the probability of rejecting the false hypothesis) is 1-beta. If beta is large, then we are not confident that the null hypothesis is true even though we were unable to reject the null hypothesis.
Questions were raised at the meeting regarding the power of tests when the null hypothesis was not rejected. The expectation that the power of tests needs to be presented along with null results is growing, and it appears to be a reasonable expectation. This emerging issue is based on a concern that some results may delay interventions, both for application to hazard risk assessment and to therapeutic efficacy, that would otherwise lead more rapidly to beneficial health outcomes.
Pledge for Honest, Open, Fair but Tough Scientific Discourse
August 2008, Niels Kuster
The two most alarming complaints communicated to me by numerous researchers during discussions about the annual meeting in San Diego were that 1) the polarization between the “believer” and “non-believer” camps has become increasingly more evident in our Society and 2) well informed scientific discourse has become rare. With little to be learned or achieved in such a stifling and divisive environment, many are rethinking whether it is worth attending our meetings in the future.
It is vital for any scientific society to maintain a scientific discourse that is tough on the facts but always honest, open, constructive and fair. Our podium should not nurture those who are not curious enough to think “out of the box.” We should welcome and expect criticism, skepticism and debate through open discourse and accountability, especially because of the multidisciplinary nature of the field of bioelectromagnetics, in which everyone is a layman to a certain extent. It is indefensible, however, that innuendo, inherently political issues, personal insults and ignorance are accepted and condoned as fact because it undermines the objectives of our society and the scientists who work diligently, honestly and enthusiastically to advance science to improve the quality of human life.
For our joint meeting with EBEA in Davos, I am committed to providing a stimulating and fair environment for open dialogue, but I need your pledge as well to initiate candid and constructive debate and action, and to discourage ill-informed criticism, personal innuendo or politically influenced views of the experimental methods or results. Science always progresses faster through constructive dialogue between opposing views when knowledge is shared.
Please visit our web site, www.bioelectromagnetics.org for a dues form, or contact our office:
Phone: (301) 663-4252 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Date: 17-19 November 2008
Location: Stuttgart, Germany
The 20th EMC Zurich Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility
Date: 12 - 16 January 2009
Location: Zurich, Switzerland
For more information: http://www.emc-zurich.ch
SPIE Energy-Based Treatment of Tissue and Assessment
Date: January 24-29, 2009
Location: San Jose, CA (USA)
Notes: see March/April BEMS newsletter
PIERS 2009 (Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium)
Date: 23-27 March 2009
Location: Beijing, China
(see July/August 2008 BEMS newsletter for details)
Society for Thermal Medicine Annual Meeting
Date: 3 – 7 April 2009
Location: Tucson, AZ
Abstract submission deadline: 5 December 2008
Third International Conference of Applied Electromagnetism CNEA 2009: “Potentialities of the electromagnetism in Medicine, Agriculture, Industry and the environment”
Date: 18-21 May 2009
Location: Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
Notes: Abstract Submission Due: December 30, 2008
Work Submission Due: January 31, 2009
Pre-Registration Due: March 31, 2009
Conference web site:
WHO IAC (International EMF Project) 2008
Date: 10-11 June 2009
Notes: see details in this newsletter
BIOEM2009: Joint Meeting of BEMS and EBEA
Date: 14-19 June 2009
Location: Davos, Switzerland
Technical Program Co-Chairs: Dariusz Leszcynski and Guglielmo D’Inzeo
Notes: Authors wishing to present papers should submit a short summary and abstract electronically at www.bioem2009.org. For non-web submission and general information, contact the meeting project manager: Gloria Parsley, Tel: +1 301 663 4252; Fax: +1 301 694 4948; Email: email@example.com.
Abstract submission deadline: February 2, 2009
For unknown reasons, a fraudulent check scam is being run against The Bioelectromagnetics Society. Fortunately, as a result of quick action by our management company following a sudden influx of calls from individuals across the nation reporting high-valued Society checks arriving unexpectedly, the BEMS checking account was closed and reopened in a new bank, so the Society incurred no liability.
At the same time, the BEMS website was also compromised and had to be moved to a new host because the old host froze our account when they noticed an alarming rate of spam being sent from the old account.
The police in Frederick, Maryland, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and Secret Service have all been notified. The FBI suspects that it is a scam being run out of Nigeria, where they have no jurisdiction to prosecute if they were ever able to identify the perpetrators. Since we have not incurred any liability, there is no active case being investigated. However, we are referring all callers to the FBI web site: IC3.gov where they will be asked to enter all the details regarding their check and any Internet activity that connected them to this scam.
The Joint Meeting of The Bioelectromagnetics Society
the European Bioelectromagnetics Association
Congress Centre, Davos, Switzerland
15-19 June 2009
Dariusz Leszczynski (BEMS) and Guglielmo D’Inzeo (EBEA) are the Co-Chairs of the Technical Program Committee (firstname.lastname@example.org). In conjunction with BioEM 2009, several workshops and forums will be organized by other relevant organizations.
Original papers are solicited for presentation (in English) on the interaction of biological systems with electromagnetic energy from static fields through the visible light frequencies. Areas of interest include, but are not limited to, the following categories: clinical devices; medical applications; high-throughput screening; in vitro studies; in vivo studies; mechanisms of interaction; theoretical and practical modeling; instrumentation and methodology; dosimetry; exposure standards; occupational exposure; epidemiology; public policy.
Abstract submission deadline is February 2, 2009.
Prof. Dr. Ruediger Vahldieck, President and General Chairman of the 20th EMC Zurich Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility recently announced that the registration portal for this meeting is open at
One may also register on that site for certain conference related events including the technical excursion to Alp Transit (the worlds longest tunnel). These events have limited availability, and will be filled on a first come, first registered basis.
The 20th EMC Zurich Symposium on electromagnetic compatibility will take place 12 - 16 January 2009 at the ETH Zurich, Switzerland.