NCRP Report No. 157, Radiation Protection in Educational Institutions is now available. It provides guidance for the safe use of ionizing- and nonionizing-radiation sources in educational institutions, including both teaching and research activities.
This Report is intended primarily for those institutions that do not need a full-time radiation safety professional because the uses and radiation levels of the sources are limited. In these instances, an individual with limited expertise in radiation safety (e.g., a professor, teacher, researcher, or general safety staff member) could assume the responsibility for implementing the radiation safety program. Usually, this individual is called the radiation safety officer (RSO). This individual may have other safety responsibilities in addition to radiation safety. Full-time RSOs may also find this Report helpful.
To assist administrators in determining whether a radiation safety program is necessary, and to assist the RSO in assuming the responsibility for the radiation safety program, this Report provides information on a variety of topics, including:
- types of ionizing radiation including alpha and beta particles, neutrons, and gamma and x rays,
- potential health effects of exposure to ionizing radiation, and the applicable radiation dose limits;
- potential hazards and the safety controls for nonionizing radiation (e.g., radiofrequency, microwave, ultraviolet, infrared and visible)